How to beat Acne???
- March 28, 2018
- Posted by: Cutis
- Category: Knowledge Center
Before you know how to battle acne, let’s know what causes it first.
Acne medically termed ‘acne vulgaris’ is one of the most common skin disorders faced by the general population. It is a long-term disease that occurs when the hair follicles are clogged with dead skin and oil produced from the oil glands in the skin. It is usually seen as blackheads, whiteheads, raised reddish lesions called papules, pus-filled lesions and sometimes scarring.
It mainly affects areas of the skin with a relatively high number of oil glands like the face, upper part of the chest, and back. Because of the easy visibility of such areas, it can cause embarrassment, anxiety, low self-esteem and sometimes depression in severe cases.
Hormonal changes during adolescence, bacterial colonization, dietary factors, genetics are all implicated in the causation of acne.
So here are a few tips on how to prevent and control your acne.
- First and foremost, keep your skin clean with regular (not overzealous!) cleaning of your face and body, eating healthy and maintaining a healthy lifestyle. Excessive stress and weight gain are known to cause hormonal imbalance and hence aggravate acne, which is why eating healthy and exercising regularly will help beat acne.
- Maintaining a clean scalp is equally important as excessive dandruff can block your facial pores and lead to acne.
- Pick your daily skin care and makeup products according to your skin type. Avoid excessive use of makeup or heavy cosmetics especially in summer as they can clog your pores and lead accumulation of oil and dead skin cells.
- And most important is ‘Stop experimenting with your face!’. We all agree it is annoying and depressing to have pimples on your face and it’s only natural to jump for anything that could be a quick fix. Unfortunately, the majority of the quick fixes don’t really work, or if they do work for the moment, they don’t address the root cause.
- Avoid over the counter drugs especially if suggested for skin whitening since the majority of them contain steroids which may momentarily give you the so-called “glow” but eventually end up in severe acne-like lesions which may be much more difficult to treat.
Clear your acne myths!!!
- Acne is only a disease of adolescence! –NO!! It may definitely be more common in adolescence but it can be seen in adults as well. It is important to get screened for causes of adult acne like underlying PCOS, thyroid disorders etc.
- Leave your acne alone and they fade away! – NO!! acne, if not treated in the earlier stages, can leave behind pigmentation or dark spots and in severe cases can damage the underlying collagen leading to disfiguring acne scars or pits.
- Pop out your pimples to get rid of them: definitely NO!! It may be highly satisfying or impulsive to pluck out your pimples but this can lead to scars and pigmentation which take much longer time to get treated than acne alone.
- Moisturising your skin can aggravate acne: NO!! Moisturising the skin maintains the integrity of the skin as a barrier. Even oily skin needs moisturizing as excess oils do not equate to effective skin hydration. However, choosing a suitable “non-comedogenic” moisturizer particularly made for acne prone skin is vital.
- Acne is caused by the unclean skin: NO!! The causation of acne is multifactorial as mentioned above. Maintaining a good hygiene is important, however over-enthusiastic use of cleansers or scrubs can rip your skin of its natural moisturizing factors (NMF’s) and lead to further damage. Ideally, twice daily cleansing of your skin with an appropriate cleanser is sufficient.
Lastly, do not self-medicate because the majority of the medicines for acne must be applied in a particular manner and for a specified time, which if done incorrectly can either lead to persistence of acne or even cause side effects. Consult your dermatologist who is better qualified to recognize the type and severity of your acne and treat it thereby help reduce the risk of acne sequele like pigmentation and scarring.