Pigmentation on your face
- March 28, 2018
- Posted by: Cutis
- Category: Knowledge Center
Pigmentation of the face is a very common cosmetic skin problem. It presents as dark spots or blotchy patch or discoloration of the entire face due to an accumulation of an excessive pigment called melanin. Pigmentation may be due to many reasons, most commonly due to excess of sun exposure, Hormonal variations and Post- inflammatory pigmentation
- Photodamage (Excess of sun exposure)
Sunlight is the most common and well-known cause of pigmentation and Common in people who spend a lot of time outdoors. When skin is exposed to sunlight, more melanin is produced to help protect the skin against the UV rays. This makes the skin darker -refer to as a SUNTAN. Sunlight has two types of harmful rays that reach the earth – UV-A rays and UV-B rays.
UV-A rays (or aging rays) can prematurely age your skin, causing wrinkles and age spots and can pass through window glasses also.
UV-B rays (or burning rays) are the primary cause of sunburn and are blocked by window glass.
Infrared radiation – From computer screens, TV Screen and microwave ovens also contribute to pigmentation
- Melasma (dark skin patches)
Melasma is more common in women than in men. People with darker skin type are more likely to get melasma. Exact causes are not known. Most common trigger factors are sun exposure, hormonal changes (pregnancy, Birth control pills and hormonal replacement medicines) and Cosmetics. It presents as brown or gray-brown patches on the face. These patches are commonly seen on the Cheeks, forehead, Bridge of the nose, Above the upper lip and Chin. Less commonly Some people get on their forearms or neck.
- Post-inflammatory pigmentation:
Any injury to skin or inflammation can cause increased pigment production.The most common cause of PIH is acne, but it also can result from psoriasis, LPP, burn or an injury.
- Cosmetics induced pigmentation – Due to allergic reactions to cosmetic products and Hair dyes
- Medical disorders like Addison’s disease and hemochromatosis
- Pigmented spots may appear on the nose after recovery from Chikungunya fever. Fortunately, they disappear on their own when the patient recovers from the illness.
- Over the counter fairness creams can also cause pigmentation over face
- Obesity can also lead to pigmentation over face known as Acanthosis nigricans.
- Facial pigmentation is a challenge to treat due to its multiple causes.
- consult your dermatologist to identify the exact cause to treat it successfully.
- Some of the measures to avoid worsening of pigmentation
- Use sunscreen daily
- Wear wide-brimmed hat and sunglasses when you’re outside
- Use gentle skin care products