Psoriasis

Psoriasis

Psoriasis is an exfoliating disorder of skin where the skin cells multiply and grow rapidly and get shed.it is not a contagious disease.

Cause:

It is an immune-mediated disorder with genetic predisposition in which the excessive reproduction of skin cells is secondary to factors produced by the immune system.

Areas affected:

Thick plaques frequently occur on the skin of knees, elbows,and lower back. But it can involve any area like scalp, palms, soles and nails.it is a chronic recurring condition with exacerbation during winter season.In 10% of cases it affects joints known as psoriatic arthritis.it can be triggered by an injury to skin known as koebner phenomenon.

Complications:

Topical application of native medicine, infections or sudden stopping of treatment may result in sevre variety of psoriasis like erythroderma or pustular psoriasis.

Treatment:

Bath solutions and moisturisers soothen the skin and reduce dryness.If area of involvement is < 20%, then creams and ointments should suffice. If >20% of the body surface area is involved then oral drugs are required.

Other treatment options:
  • Phototherapy: NBUVB, EXCIMER Lamp
  • Biologicals are the new class of medicines with promising results